Gene Role Disease OMIM Descriptions Sources
CEP41 causing JBTS15 614464 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal recessive disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy, renal disease, liver fibrosis and polydactyly. [read more] 22246503
COL18A1 causing KNO1 267750 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A developmental disorder primarily characterized by typical eye abnormalities, including high myopia, cataracts, dislocated lens, vitreoretinal degeneration, and retinal detachment, with occipital skull defects, which can range from occipital encephalocele to occult cutis aplasia. [read more] 23667181
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COX7B causing APLCC 300887 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A distinct form of aplasia cutis congenita presenting as multiple linear skin defects on the face and neck associated with poor growth, microcephaly, and facial dysmorphism. Additional features include intellectual disability, nail dystrophy, short stature and cardiac abnormalities. [read more] 23122588
CYP26C1 causing FFDD4 614974 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of focal facial dermal dysplasia, a group of developmental defects characterized by bitemporal or preauricular skin lesions resembling aplasia cutis congenita. Skin defects occur at the sites of facial fusion during embryogenesis, with temporal lesions situated at the junction between the frontonasal and maxillary facial prominences, and preauricular lesions at the meeting point of the maxillary and mandibular prominences. The ectodermal lesions show consistent histologic abnormalities: atrophy and flattening of the epidermis, replacement of the dermis by loose connective tissue, reduced levels of fragmented elastic tissue and absence of the subcutaneous tissues and adnexal structures. FFDD4 is characterized by isolated, preauricular skin lesions. [read more] 23161670
DHODH causing POADS 263750 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. POADS is characterized by severe micrognathia, cleft lip and/or palate, hypoplasia or aplasia of the posterior elements of the limbs, coloboma of the eyelids and supernumerary nipples. POADS is a very rare disorder: only 2 multiplex families, each consisting of 2 affected siblings born to unaffected, nonconsanguineous parents, have been described among a total of around 30 reported cases. [read more] 19915526
DLX5 causing SHFM1D 220600 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A disease characterized by the association of split-hand/foot malformation with deafness. Split-hand/foot malformation is a limb malformation involving the central rays of the autopod and presenting with syndactyly, median clefts of the hands and feet, and aplasia and/or hypoplasia of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals. Some patients have been found to have mental retardation, ectodermal and craniofacial findings, and orofacial clefting. [read more] 22121204
DOCK6 causing AOS2 614219 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A disorder characterized by the congenital absence of skin (aplasia cutis congenita) in combination with transverse limb defects. Aplasia cutis congenita can be located anywhere on the body, but in the vast majority of the cases, it is present on the posterior parietal region where it is often associated with an underlying defect of the parietal bones. Limb abnormalities are typically limb truncation defects affecting the distal phalanges or entire digits (true ectrodactyly). Only rarely, metatarsals/metacarpals or more proximal limb structures are also affected. Apart from transverse limb defects, syndactyly, most commonly of second and third toes, can also be observed. The clinical features are highly variable and can also include cardiovascular malformations, brain abnormalities and vascular defects such as cutis marmorata and dilated scalp veins. [read more] 21820096
EOGT causing AOS4 615297 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of Adams-Oliver syndrome, a disorder characterized by the congenital absence of skin (aplasia cutis congenita) in combination with transverse limb defects. Aplasia cutis congenita can be located anywhere on the body, but in the vast majority of the cases, it is present on the posterior parietal region where it is often associated with an underlying defect of the parietal bones. Limb abnormalities are typically limb truncation defects affecting the distal phalanges or entire digits (true ectrodactyly). Only rarely, metatarsals/metacarpals or more proximal limb structures are also affected. Apart from transverse limb defects, syndactyly, most commonly of second and third toes, can also be observed. The clinical features are highly variable and can also include cardiovascular malformations, brain abnormalities and vascular defects such as cutis marmorata and dilated scalp veins. [read more] 23522784
ERBB2 pathogenesis GASC 613659 The gene represented in this entry is involved in disease pathogenesis. A malignant disease which starts in the stomach, can spread to the esophagus or the small intestine, and can extend through the stomach wall to nearby lymph nodes and organs. It also can metastasize to other parts of the body. The term gastric cancer or gastric carcinoma refers to adenocarcinoma of the stomach that accounts for most of all gastric malignant tumors. Two main histologic types are recognized, diffuse type and intestinal type carcinomas. Diffuse tumors are poorly differentiated infiltrating lesions, resulting in thickening of the stomach. In contrast, intestinal tumors are usually exophytic, often ulcerating, and associated with intestinal metaplasia of the stomach, most often observed in sporadic disease. [read more]
FBXW4 causing SHFM3 246560 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A limb malformation involving the central rays of the autopod and presenting with syndactyly, median clefts of the hands and feet, and aplasia and/or hypoplasia of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals. Some patients have been found to have mental retardation, ectodermal and craniofacial findings, and orofacial clefting. [read more] 12913067