Gene Role Disease OMIM Descriptions Sources
KRAS causing GASC 613659 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A malignant disease which starts in the stomach, can spread to the esophagus or the small intestine, and can extend through the stomach wall to nearby lymph nodes and organs. It also can metastasize to other parts of the body. The term gastric cancer or gastric carcinoma refers to adenocarcinoma of the stomach that accounts for most of all gastric malignant tumors. Two main histologic types are recognized, diffuse type and intestinal type carcinomas. Diffuse tumors are poorly differentiated infiltrating lesions, resulting in thickening of the stomach. In contrast, intestinal tumors are usually exophytic, often ulcerating, and associated with intestinal metaplasia of the stomach, most often observed in sporadic disease. [read more] 3034404
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KRT16 KRT16 and KRT17 are coexpressed only in pathological situations such as metaplasias and carcinomas of the uterine cervix and in psoriasis vulgaris. [read more]
KRT17 KRT16 and KRT17 are coexpressed only in pathological situations such as metaplasias and carcinomas of the uterine cervix and in psoriasis vulgaris. [read more]
LMBR1 causing ACHP 200500 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Very rare condition characterized by bilateral congenital amputations of the hands and feet. The specific malformative phenotype consists of a complete amputation of the distal epiphysis of the humerus, amputation of the tibial diaphysis and aplasia of the radius, ulna, fibula and of all the bones of the hands and feet. [read more]
MPL causing MMM 254450 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterized by replacement of the bone marrow by fibrous tissue, extramedullary hematopoiesis, anemia, leukoerythroblastosis and hepatosplenomegaly. [read more] 16868251
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MUTYH pathogenesis GASC 613659 The gene represented in this entry may be involved in disease pathogenesis. Somatic mutations contribute to the development of a sub-set of sporadic gastric cancers in carriers of Helicobacter pylori (PubMed:15273732). A malignant disease which starts in the stomach, can spread to the esophagus or the small intestine, and can extend through the stomach wall to nearby lymph nodes and organs. It also can metastasize to other parts of the body. The term gastric cancer or gastric carcinoma refers to adenocarcinoma of the stomach that accounts for most of all gastric malignant tumors. Two main histologic types are recognized, diffuse type and intestinal type carcinomas. Diffuse tumors are poorly differentiated infiltrating lesions, resulting in thickening of the stomach. In contrast, intestinal tumors are usually exophytic, often ulcerating, and associated with intestinal metaplasia of the stomach, most often observed in sporadic disease. [read more] 15273732
NOG causing BDB2 611377 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of brachydactyly characterized by hypoplasia/aplasia of distal phalanges in combination with distal symphalangism, fusion of carpal/tarsal bones and partial cutaneous syndactyly. [read more] 17668388
NPHP1 causing JBTS4 609583 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy and renal disease. Joubert syndrome type 4 is a phenotypically mild form. [read more] 15138899
OFD1 causing JBTS10 300804 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy and renal disease. [read more] 19800048
ORC1 causing MGORS1 224690 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A syndrome characterized by bilateral microtia, aplasia/hypoplasia of the patellae, and severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation with short stature and poor weight gain. Additional clinical findings include anomalies of cranial sutures, microcephaly, apparently low-set and simple ears, microstomia, full lips, highly arched or cleft palate, micrognathia, genitourinary tract anomalies, and various skeletal anomalies. While almost all cases have primordial dwarfism with substantial prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, not all cases have microcephaly, and microtia and absent/hypoplastic patella are absent in some. Despite the presence of microcephaly, intellect is usually normal. [read more] 21358633
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