Gene Role Disease OMIM Descriptions Sources
TECPR2 causing SPG49 615031 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. In some forms of the disorder, bladder symptoms (such as incontinence) may appear, or the weakness and stiffness may spread to other parts of the body. Complicated forms are characterized by the addition of such neurological features as spastic quadriparesis, seizures, dementia, amyotrophy, extrapyramidal disturbance, cerebral or cerebellar atrophy, optic atrophy, and peripheral neuropathy, as well as by extra neurological manifestations such as dysmorphism, albinism, retinitis pigmentosa, deafness, dementia, amyotrophy and ichthyosis. SPG49 is characterized by delayed psychomotor development, mental retardation, and onset of spastic paraplegia in the first decade. Affected individuals also have dysmorphic features, thin corpus callosum on brain imaging, and episodes of central apnea, which may be fatal. [read more] 23176824
TGM1 causing ARCI1 242300 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, a disorder of keratinization with abnormal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis, resulting in abnormal skin scaling over the whole body. The main skin phenotypes are lamellar ichthyosis (LI) and non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE), although phenotypic overlap within the same patient or among patients from the same family can occur. Lamellar ichthyosis is a condition often associated with an embedment in a collodion-like membrane at birth; skin scales later develop, covering the entire body surface. Non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by fine whitish scaling on an erythrodermal background; larger brownish scales are present on the buttocks, neck and legs. [read more] 7824952
7773290
9326318
11251583
11511296
19890349
VPS37A causing SPG53 614898 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. Complicated forms are characterized by the addition of such neurological features as spastic quadriparesis, seizures, dementia, amyotrophy, extrapyramidal disturbance, cerebral or cerebellar atrophy, optic atrophy, and peripheral neuropathy, as well as by extra neurological manifestations such as dysmorphism, albinism, retinitis pigmentosa, deafness, dementia, amyotrophy and ichthyosis. SPG53 is characterized by pronounced early onset spastic paraparesis of upper and lower limbs, mild intellectual disability, kyphosis, pectus carinatum and hypertrichosis. [read more] 22717650