Gene Role Disease OMIM Descriptions Sources
C12orf65 causing SPG55 615035 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. Complicated forms are characterized by the addition of such neurological features as spastic quadriparesis, seizures, dementia, amyotrophy, extrapyramidal disturbance, cerebral or cerebellar atrophy, optic atrophy, and peripheral neuropathy, as well as by extra neurological manifestations such as dysmorphism, albinism, retinitis pigmentosa, deafness, dementia, amyotrophy and ichthyosis. [read more] 23188110
CERS3 causing ARCI9 615023 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, a disorder of keratinization with abnormal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis, resulting in abnormal skin scaling over the whole body. The main skin phenotypes are lamellar ichthyosis (LI) and non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE), although phenotypic overlap within the same patient or among patients from the same family can occur. Lamellar ichthyosis is a condition often associated with an embedment in a collodion-like membrane at birth; skin scales later develop, covering the entire body surface. Non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by fine whitish scaling on an erythrodermal background; larger brownish scales are present on the buttocks, neck and legs. [read more] 23754960
CLDN1 causing NISCH 607626 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A rare autosomal recessive complex ichthyosis syndrome characterized by scalp hypotrichosis, scarring alopecia, mild diffuse ichthyosis, sclerosing cholangitis and leukocyte vacuolization. [read more] 15521008
16619213
CSTA causing AREI 607936 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of congenital exfoliative ichthyosis, sharing some features with ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens and annular epidermolytic ichthyosis. AREI presents shortly after birth as dry, scaly skin over most of the body with coarse peeling of non-erythematous skin on the palms and soles, which is exacerbated by excessive moisture and minor trauma. Electron microscopy analysis of skin biopsies, reveals mostly normal-appearing upper layers of the epidermis, but prominent intercellular edema of the basal and suprabasal cell layers with aggregates of tonofilaments in the basal keratinocytes. [read more] 21944047
CYP2U1 causing SPG56 615030 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. Complicated forms are characterized by the addition of such neurological features as spastic quadriparesis, seizures, dementia, amyotrophy, extrapyramidal disturbance, cerebral or cerebellar atrophy, optic atrophy, and peripheral neuropathy, as well as by extra neurological manifestations such as dysmorphism, albinism, retinitis pigmentosa, deafness, dementia, amyotrophy and ichthyosis. In SPG56, upper limbs are often also affected. Some SPG56 patients may have a subclinical axonal neuropathy. [read more] 23176821
CYP4F22 causing ARCI5 604777 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, a disorder of keratinization with abnormal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis, resulting in abnormal skin scaling over the whole body. The main skin phenotypes are lamellar ichthyosis (LI) and non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE), although phenotypic overlap within the same patient or among patients from the same family can occur. Lamellar ichthyosis is a condition often associated with an embedment in a collodion-like membrane at birth; skin scales later develop, covering the entire body surface. Non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by fine whitish scaling on an erythrodermal background; larger brownish scales are present on the buttocks, neck and legs. [read more] 16436457
DDHD2 causing SPG54 615033 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. Complicated forms are characterized by the addition of such neurological features as spastic quadriparesis, seizures, dementia, amyotrophy, extrapyramidal disturbance, cerebral or cerebellar atrophy, optic atrophy, and peripheral neuropathy, as well as by extra neurological manifestations such as dysmorphism, albinism, retinitis pigmentosa, deafness, dementia, amyotrophy and ichthyosis. SPG54 patients have delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability, and early-onset spasticity of the lower limbs. Brain MRI shows a thin corpus callosum and periventricular white matter lesions. [read more] 23176823
EBP causing CDPX2 302960 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by punctiform calcification of the bones. The key clinical features of CDPX2 are chondrodysplasia punctata, linear ichthyosis, cataracts and short stature. CDPX2 is a rare disorder of defective cholesterol biosynthesis, biochemically characterized by an increased amount of 8-dehydrocholesterol and cholest-8(9)-en-3-beta-ol in the plasma and tissues. [read more] 10391218
10391219
10942423
11493318
ELOVL4 causing ISQMR 614457 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A severe autosomal recessive disorder characterized by ichthyosis apparent from birth, profound psychomotor retardation with essentially no development, spastic quadriplegia, and seizures. [read more] 22100072
11138005
ERCC2 causing TTDP 601675 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. TTDP is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by sulfur-deficient brittle hair and nails, ichthyosis, mental retardation, impaired sexual development, abnormal facies and cutaneous photosensitivity correlated with a nucleotide excision repair (NER) defect. Neonates with trichothiodystrophy and ichthyosis are usually born with a collodion membrane. The severity of the ichthyosis after the membrane is shed is variable, ranging from a mild to severe lamellar ichthyotic phenotype. There are no reports of skin cancer associated with TTDP. [read more] 7920640
8571952
9195225
9238033
9758621
11242112