Gene Role Disease OMIM Descriptions Sources
ABCA12 causing ARCI4A 601277 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, a disorder of keratinization with abnormal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis, resulting in abnormal skin scaling over the whole body. The main skin phenotypes are lamellar ichthyosis (LI) and non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE), although phenotypic overlap within the same patient or among patients from the same family can occur. Lamellar ichthyosis is a condition often associated with an embedment in a collodion-like membrane at birth; skin scales later develop, covering the entire body surface. Non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by fine whitish scaling on an erythrodermal background; larger brownish scales are present on the buttocks, neck and legs. [read more] 12915478
17508018
18284401
19262603
22257947
ABCA12 causing ARCI4B 242500 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A rare, very severe form of congenital ichthyosis, in which the neonate is born with a thick covering of armor-like scales. The skin dries out to form hard diamond-shaped plaques separated by fissures, resembling 'armor plating'. The normal facial features are severely affected, with distortion of the lips (eclabion), eyelids (ectropion), ears, and nostrils. Affected babies are often born prematurely and rarely survive the perinatal period. Babies who survive into infancy and beyond develop skin changes resembling severe non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. [read more] 15756637
16675967
16902423
ABHD5 causing CDS 275630 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal recessive inborn error of lipid metabolism with multisystemic accumulation of triglycerides although plasma concentrations are normal. Clinical characteristics are congenital generalized ichthyosis, vacuolated leukocytes, hepatomegaly, myopathy, cataracts, neurosensory hearing loss and developmental delay. The disorder presents at birth with generalized, fine, white scaling of the skin and a variable degree of erythema resembling non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. [read more] 16679289
18606822
11590543
17495960
ALDH3A2 causing SLS 270200 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal recessive neurocutaneous disorder characterized by a combination of severe mental retardation, spastic di- or tetraplegia and congenital ichthyosis. Ichthyosis is usually evident at birth with varying degrees of erythema and scaling, neurologic symptoms appear in the first or second year of life. Most patients have an IQ of less than 60. Additional clinical features include glistening white spots on the retina, seizures, short stature and speech defects. [read more] 8528251
9254849
9829906
10577908
10792573
ALOX12B causing ARCI2 242100 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, a disorder of keratinization with abnormal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis, resulting in abnormal skin scaling over the whole body. The main skin phenotypes are lamellar ichthyosis (LI) and non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE), although phenotypic overlap within the same patient or among patients from the same family can occur. Lamellar ichthyosis is a condition often associated with an embedment in a collodion-like membrane at birth; skin scales later develop, covering the entire body surface. Non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by fine whitish scaling on an erythrodermal background; larger brownish scales are present on the buttocks, neck and legs. [read more] 11773004
15629692
16116617
19131948
19890349
ALOXE3 causing ARCI3 606545 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis, a disorder of keratinization with abnormal differentiation and desquamation of the epidermis, resulting in abnormal skin scaling over the whole body. The main skin phenotypes are lamellar ichthyosis (LI) and non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE), although phenotypic overlap within the same patient or among patients from the same family can occur. Lamellar ichthyosis is a condition often associated with an embedment in a collodion-like membrane at birth; skin scales later develop, covering the entire body surface. Non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma characterized by fine whitish scaling on an erythrodermal background; larger brownish scales are present on the buttocks, neck and legs. [read more] 11773004
15629692
16116617
19131948
19890349
AP1S1 causing MEDNIK 609313 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A disorder characterized by erythematous skin lesions and hyperkeratosis, severe psychomotor retardation, peripheral neuropathy, sensorineural hearing loss, together with elevated very-long-chain fatty acids and severe congenital diarrhea. [read more] 19057675
ARSA pathogenesis MSD 272200 The protein represented in this entry is involved in disease pathogenesis. Arylsulfatase A activity is impaired in multiple sulfatase deficiency due to mutations in SUMF1. SUMF1 mutations result in defective post-translational modification of ARSA at residue Cys-69 that is not converted to 3-oxoalanine. A clinically and biochemically heterogeneous disorder caused by the simultaneous impairment of all sulfatases, due to defective post-translational modification and activation. It combines features of individual sulfatase deficiencies such as metachromatic leukodystrophy, mucopolysaccharidosis, chondrodysplasia punctata, hydrocephalus, ichthyosis, neurologic deterioration and developmental delay. [read more] 7628016
15146462
ARSB pathogenesis MSD 272200 The protein represented in this entry is involved in disease pathogenesis. Arylsulfatase B activity is impaired in multiple sulfatase deficiency due to mutations in SUMF1. SUMF1 mutations result in defective post-translational modification of ARSB at residue Cys-91 that is not converted to 3-oxoalanine. A clinically and biochemically heterogeneous disorder caused by the simultaneous impairment of all sulfatases, due to defective post-translational modification and activation. It combines features of individual sulfatase deficiencies such as metachromatic leukodystrophy, mucopolysaccharidosis, chondrodysplasia punctata, hydrocephalus, ichthyosis, neurologic deterioration and developmental delay. [read more] 7628016
15146462
BRAF causing CFC1 115150 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A multiple congenital anomaly disorder characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, heart defects and mental retardation. Heart defects include pulmonic stenosis, atrial septal defects and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Some affected individuals present with ectodermal abnormalities such as sparse, friable hair, hyperkeratotic skin lesions and a generalized ichthyosis-like condition. Typical facial features are similar to Noonan syndrome. They include high forehead with bitemporal constriction, hypoplastic supraorbital ridges, downslanting palpebral fissures, a depressed nasal bridge, and posteriorly angulated ears with prominent helices. [read more] 18974108
16474404
16439621
18042262
19206169