Gene Role Disease OMIM Descriptions Sources
COL11A2 causing FBCG2 614524 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A severe skeletal dysplasia characterized by a flat midface, short long bones, short ribs with broad metaphyses, and vertebral bodies that show distinctive hypoplastic posterior ends and rounded anterior ends, giving the vertebral bodies a pinched appearance on lateral radiographic views. The chest is small, causing perinatal respiratory problems which usually, but not always, result in lethality. Affected individuals who survive the neonatal period have high myopia, mild to moderate hearing loss, and severe skeletal dysplasia. [read more] 10677296
22246659
COL18A1 causing KNO1 267750 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A developmental disorder primarily characterized by typical eye abnormalities, including high myopia, cataracts, dislocated lens, vitreoretinal degeneration, and retinal detachment, with occipital skull defects, which can range from occipital encephalocele to occult cutis aplasia. [read more] 23667181
10942434
COL2A1 causing DRRD 609508 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A eye disease that most frequently results from a break or tear in the retina that allows fluid from the vitreous humor to enter the potential space beneath the retina. It is often associated with pathologic myopia and in most cases leads to visual impairment or blindness if untreated. [read more] 11007540
15671297
COL2A1 causing EDMMD 132450 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A generalized skeletal dysplasia associated with significant morbidity. Joint pain, joint deformity, waddling gait, and short stature are the main clinical signs and symptoms. EDMMD is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by epiphyseal dysplasia associated with progressive myopia, retinal thinning, crenated cataracts, conductive deafness. [read more] 9800905
COL2A1 causing KD 156550 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Moderately severe chondrodysplasia phenotype that results from mutations in the COL2A1 gene. Characteristics of the disorder include a short trunk and extremities, mid-face hypoplasia, cleft palate, myopia, retinal detachment, and hearing loss. [read more] 7874117
8863156
COL2A1 causing STL1 108300 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal dominant form of Stickler syndrome, an inherited disorder that associates ocular signs with more or less complete forms of Pierre Robin sequence, bone disorders and sensorineural deafness. Ocular disorders may include juvenile cataract, myopia, strabismus, vitreoretinal or chorioretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, and chronic uveitis. Robin sequence includes an opening in the roof of the mouth (a cleft palate), a large tongue (macroglossia), and a small lower jaw (micrognathia). Bones are affected by slight platyspondylisis and large, often defective epiphyses. Juvenile joint laxity is followed by early signs of arthrosis. The degree of hearing loss varies among affected individuals and may become more severe over time. Syndrome expressivity is variable. [read more] 8317498
7977371
11007540
16752401
17721977
20513134
COL2A1 causing STL1O 609508 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal dominant form of Stickler syndrome characterized by the ocular signs typically seen in Stickler syndrome type 1 such as cataract, myopia, retinal detachment. Systemic features of premature osteoarthritis, cleft palate, hearing impairment, and craniofacial abnormalities are either absent or very mild. [read more] 8317498
16752401
17721977
COL9A1 causing STL4 614134 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal recessive form of Stickler syndrome, an inherited disorder that associates ocular signs with more or less complete forms of Pierre Robin sequence, bone disorders and sensorineural deafness. Ocular disorders may include juvenile cataract, myopia, strabismus, vitreoretinal or chorioretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, and chronic uveitis. Robin sequence includes an opening in the roof of the mouth (a cleft palate), a large tongue (macroglossia), and a small lower jaw (micrognathia). Bones are affected by slight platyspondylisis and large, often defective epiphyses. Juvenile joint laxity is followed by early signs of arthrosis. The degree of hearing loss varies among affected individuals and may become more severe over time. Syndrome expressivity is variable. [read more] 16909383
COL9A2 causing STL5 614284 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal recessive form of Stickler syndrome, an inherited disorder that associates ocular signs with more or less complete forms of Pierre Robin sequence, bone disorders and sensorineural deafness. STL5 is characterized by high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss, short stature in childhood, and absence of cleft palate and Pierre Robin sequence. [read more] 21671392
FBN1 causing WMS2 608328 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A rare connective tissue disorder characterized by short stature, brachydactyly, joint stiffness, and eye abnormalities including microspherophakia, ectopia lentis, severe myopia and glaucoma. [read more] 12525539