Gene Role Disease OMIM Descriptions Sources
NHEJ1 causing NHEJ1-SCID 611291 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. SCID refers to a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of rare congenital disorders characterized by impairment of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity, leukopenia and low or absent antibody levels. Patients with SCID present in infancy with recurrent, persistent infections by opportunistic organisms. The common characteristic of all types of SCID is absence of T-cell-mediated cellular immunity due to a defect in T-cell development. NHEJ1-SCID is characterized by a profound T- and B-lymphocytopenia associated with increased cellular sensitivity to ionizing radiation, microcephaly and growth retardation. Some patients may manifest SCID with sensitivity to ionizing radiation without microcephaly and mild growth retardation, probably due to hypomorphic NHEJ1 mutations. [read more] 16439204
16439205
17317666
12604777
NHP2 causing DKCB2 613987 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A rare multisystem disorder caused by defective telomere maintenance. It is characterized by progressive bone marrow failure, and the clinical triad of reticulated skin hyperpigmentation, nail dystrophy, and mucosal leukoplakia. Common but variable features include premature graying, aplastic anemia, low platelets, osteoporosis, pulmonary fibrosis, and liver fibrosis among others. Early mortality is often associated with bone marrow failure, infections, fatal pulmonary complications, or malignancy. [read more] 18523010
NIN causing SCKL7 614851 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by proportionate dwarfism of prenatal onset associated with low birth weight, growth retardation, severe microcephaly with a bird-headed like appearance, and mental retardation. [read more] 22933543
NIPA1 causing SPG6 600363 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. In some forms of the disorder, bladder symptoms (such as incontinence) may appear, or the weakness and stiffness may spread to other parts of the body. [read more] 14508710
15643603
NKX2-5 causing ASD7 108900 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A congenital heart malformation characterized by incomplete closure of the wall between the atria resulting in blood flow from the left to the right atria, and atrioventricular conduction defects in some cases. [read more] 9651244
10587520
14607454
15342699
15810002
NKX2-5 causing CHNG5 225250 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A non-autoimmune condition characterized by resistance to thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) leading to increased levels of plasma TSH and low levels of thyroid hormone. CHNG5 presents variable severity depending on the completeness of the defect. Most patients are euthyroid and asymptomatic, with a normal sized thyroid gland. Only a subset of patients develop hypothyroidism and present a hypoplastic thyroid gland. [read more] 16418214
NKX2-5 causing CTHM 217095 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A group of congenital heart defects involving the outflow tracts. Examples include truncus arteriosus communis, double-outlet right ventricle and transposition of great arteries. Truncus arteriosus communis is characterized by a single outflow tract instead of a separate aorta and pulmonary artery. In transposition of the great arteries, the aorta arises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery from the left ventricle. In double outlet of the right ventricle, both the pulmonary artery and aorta arise from the right ventricle. [read more]
NKX2-5 causing VSD3 614432 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A common form of congenital cardiovascular anomaly that may occur alone or in combination with other cardiac malformations. It can affect any portion of the ventricular septum, resulting in abnormal communications between the two lower chambers of the heart. Classification is based on location of the communication, such as perimembranous, inlet, outlet (infundibular), central muscular, marginal muscular, or apical muscular defect. Large defects that go unrepaired may give rise to cardiac enlargement, congestive heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, Eisenmenger's syndrome, delayed fetal brain development, arrhythmias, and even sudden cardiac death. [read more] 21110066
21165553
NKX2-6 causing CTHM 217095 The disease may be caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A group of congenital heart defects involving the outflow tracts. Examples include truncus arteriosus communis, double-outlet right ventricle and transposition of great arteries. Truncus arteriosus communis is characterized by a single outflow tract instead of a separate aorta and pulmonary artery. In transposition of the great arteries, the aorta arises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery from the left ventricle. In double outlet of the right ventricle, both the pulmonary artery and aorta arise from the right ventricle. [read more] 15649947
NNT causing GCCD4 614736 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A rare, potentially lethal, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by resistance to ACTH action on the adrenal cortex, adrenal insufficiency and an inability of the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol. It usually presents in the neonatal period or in early childhood with episodes of hypoglycemia and other symptoms related to cortisol deficiency, including failure to thrive, recurrent illnesses or infections, convulsions, and shock. In a small number of patients hypoglycemia can be sufficiently severe and persistent that it leads to serious long-term neurological damage or death. The diagnosis is readily confirmed with a low plasma cortisol measurement in the presence of an elevated ACTH level, and normal aldosterone and plasma renin measurements. [read more] 22634753