Gene Role Disease OMIM Descriptions Sources
ROGDI causing KTZS 226750 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe global developmental delay, early-onset intractable seizures, spasticity, and amelogenesis imperfecta affecting both primary and secondary teeth and causing yellow or brown discoloration of the teeth. Although the phenotype is consistent, there is variability. Intellectual disability is related to the severity of seizures, and the disorder can thus be considered an epileptic encephalopathy. Some infants show normal development until seizure onset, whereas others are delayed from birth. The most severely affected individuals have profound mental retardation, never acquire speech, and become bedridden early in life. [read more] 22482807
22424600
ROR2 causing RRS 268310 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A recessive form of Robinow syndrome, a disease characterized by short-limb dwarfism, costovertebral segmentation defects and abnormalities of the head, face and external genitalia. The clinical signs are generally far more severe in recessive cases, particularly skeletal abnormalities. All patients with the recessive form suffer from vertebral segmentation abnormalities, resulting in scoliosis and chest deformities. Rib fusions are considered to be characteristic of the autosomal recessive form. Patients can also present brachydactyly, with extensive aplasia/hypoplasia of the phalanges and metacarpals/metatarsals, and brachy-syn-polydactyly of the hands and oligodactyly of the feet. [read more] 10932186
10932187
RPGRIP1L Ciliary dysfunction leads to a broad spectrum of disorders, collectively termed ciliopathies. Overlapping clinical features include retinal degeneration, renal cystic disease, skeletal abnormalities, fibrosis of various organ, and a complex range of anatomical and functional defects of the central and peripheral nervous system. The ciliopathy range of diseases includes Meckel-Gruber syndrome, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Joubert syndrome, nephronophtisis, Senior-Loken syndrome, and Jeune asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy among others. Single-locus allelism is insufficient to explain the variable penetrance and expressivity of such disorders, leading to the suggestion that variations across multiple sites of the ciliary proteome, including RPGRIP1L, influence the clinical outcome. [read more]
RPGRIP1L causing COACHS 216360 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A disorder characterized by mental retardation, ataxia due to cerebellar hypoplasia, and hepatic fibrosis. Patients present the molar tooth sign, a midbrain-hindbrain malformation pathognomonic for Joubert syndrome and related disorders. Other features, such as coloboma and renal cysts, may be variable. [read more] 19574260
RPGRIP1L causing JBTS7 611560 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A disorder presenting with cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypotonia, neonatal breathing abnormalities and psychomotor delay. Neuroradiologically, it is characterized by cerebellar vermian hypoplasia/aplasia, thickened and reoriented superior cerebellar peduncles, and an abnormally large interpeduncular fossa, giving the appearance of a molar tooth on transaxial slices (molar tooth sign). Additional variable features include retinal dystrophy and renal disease. [read more] 17558407
17558409
22693042
RPGRIP1L causing MKS5 611561 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A disorder characterized by a combination of renal cysts and variably associated features including developmental anomalies of the central nervous system (typically encephalocele), hepatic ductal dysplasia and cysts, and polydactyly. [read more] 19430481
17558409
RPL11 causing DBA7 612562 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of Diamond-Blackfan anemia, a congenital non-regenerative hypoplastic anemia that usually presents early in infancy. Diamond-Blackfan anemia is characterized by a moderate to severe macrocytic anemia, erythroblastopenia, and an increased risk of malignancy. 30 to 40% of Diamond-Blackfan anemia patients present with short stature and congenital anomalies, the most frequent being craniofacial (Pierre-Robin syndrome and cleft palate), thumb and urogenital anomalies. [read more] 19061985
19191325
RPL26 causing DBA11 614900 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of Diamond-Blackfan anemia, a congenital non-regenerative hypoplastic anemia that usually presents early in infancy. Diamond-Blackfan anemia is characterized by a moderate to severe macrocytic anemia, erythroblastopenia, and an increased risk of malignancy. 30 to 40% of Diamond-Blackfan anemia patients present with short stature and congenital anomalies, the most frequent being craniofacial (Pierre-Robin syndrome and cleft palate), thumb and urogenital anomalies. [read more] 22431104
RPL35A causing DBA5 612528 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of Diamond-Blackfan anemia, a congenital non-regenerative hypoplastic anemia that usually presents early in infancy. Diamond-Blackfan anemia is characterized by a moderate to severe macrocytic anemia, erythroblastopenia, and an increased risk of malignancy. 30 to 40% of Diamond-Blackfan anemia patients present with short stature and congenital anomalies, the most frequent being craniofacial (Pierre-Robin syndrome and cleft palate), thumb and urogenital anomalies. [read more] 18535205
RPL5 causing DBA6 612561 The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. A form of Diamond-Blackfan anemia, a congenital non-regenerative hypoplastic anemia that usually presents early in infancy. Diamond-Blackfan anemia is characterized by a moderate to severe macrocytic anemia, erythroblastopenia, and an increased risk of malignancy. 30 to 40% of Diamond-Blackfan anemia patients present with short stature and congenital anomalies, the most frequent being craniofacial (Pierre-Robin syndrome and cleft palate), thumb and urogenital anomalies. [read more] 19061985
19191325